AmeriDendro 2013 registration is open: follow the link on the Overview page.
Dating First Nation “Brush Structures” in Kluane National Park and Reserve
Presented by Dr. Brian LUCKMAN on 16 May 2013 from 13:40 to 14:00
Type: Oral Presentation
Session: New World Dendroarchaeology
Track: New World dendroarchaeology
Brush structures are the remains of traditional housing used by the Southern Tutchone people in the forests of the South West Yukon. They are frameworks of wooden poles, usually ca. 10-25cm diameter cut from the trunks of local spruce trees and provided temporary shelter for families or small itinerant groups. Five groups of structures were examined on the alluvial fan of Vulcan Creek, a tributary of Slims River (A’ay Chu) in Kluane National Park. The project goals were to determine the feasibility of dating these structures using local reference spruce chronologies. Outer ring dates from poles, cut stumps and a culturally modified tree indicate the structures dated between 1862 and 1887, slightly predating the arrival of the first Europeans. Several structures used a surprising amount of older wood with outer dates extending back into the 1600s and 1700s, suggesting either re-use of materials or selective use of deadwood in construction.