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Dendrochronological investigations of Bronze Age to Early Iron Age mining on copper in the Austrian Alps
Presented by Dr. Kurt NICOLUSSI on 16 May 2013 from 16:20 to 16:40
Type: Oral Presentation
Session: Old World Dendroarchaeology
Track: Old World dendroarchaeology
Mining on copper ore in the Northern Alps of Austria has been well known for a long time. Trace element analyses on metallic artefacts prove that copper from this region was important for whole central Europe during Bronze Age. However, accurate dating of the mining activities was poor both regarding absolute age determination and duration of mining at a certain place, i.e. dating was based on find typology and radiocarbon analyses. In recent years, we established tree-ring dates for several mining sites in the Austrian Alps based on the analysis of some 500 wooden samples from different types of mining sites, e.g. charcoals from fire-setting activities (mining pit) or boards of an ore washing box (ore processing site). The tree-ring dates established spread over the time period of the 14th to 8th century BC.
Room: Salon B
- Mr. Thomas PICHLER University of Innsbruck, Institute of Geography
- Dr. Gert GOLDENBERG University of Innsbruck, Institute of Archaeology
- Mrs. Andrea THURNER University of Innsbruck, Institute of Geography
- Prof. Thomas STöLLNER University of Bochum, Institute of Archaeological Science